The depletion of natural water sources along with reducing ground-water level has pressurised countries in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) to diversify their water resources, while the influx in population leads to a constant surge in the demand for fresh water.

The scenario has resulted in the rise of desalination projects across the region.

As governments move away from their long-standing reliance on natural water resources, an aggressive development of desalination infrastructure has become inevitable.