As the pressures of water security become more acute around the world, the significance of desalination as means of ensuring potable water supplies has never been greater. But with the expected growth of global desalination capacity comes a problem: processes remain heavily reliant on fossil fuels.

According to the Global Clean Water Desalination Alliance, global installed desalination plants emit some 76 million tons of CO2 per year, an amount expected to reach around 218 million tons by 2040.

Clear alternatives do exist, namely ambitions and projects for desalination via renewables. Still, with emissions and water security high on the global agenda, another solution presents itself in the form of nuclear-powered desalination.