The King Abdullah Petroleum Studies and Research Center (KAPSARC) published a new commentary that explores the Saudi nuclear energy project.

The paper said that establishing a nuclear sector in Saudi Arabia would lead to lower unemployment, increase average wages, and help the Kingdom in meeting its desalination needs.“Nuclear desalination makes sense for Saudi Arabia, as it falls far below the water poverty line, as defined by the UN, at 2,000 cubic meters per capita,” according to the KAPSARC paper.

The paper explains that there are five potential vendors for Saudi Arabia’s first two nuclear reactors and affirms that the choice will determine the importance of maintaining a strong diplomatic bilateral relationship with the vendor country over the coming decades.