India’s growth story has been impressive so far with industry and service sectors being the growth drivers. Along with industrial and population growth, the demand for water also increases.
Unpredictable rainfall patterns because of climate change, depleting water resources because of extreme groundwater extraction, contamination of available surface/groundwater resources due to discharge of untreated sewage, and/or industry effluents have had an impact on water quantity and quality.
Per capita water availability is expected to reach 1,140 cubic meters by 2050 from 1,820 cubic meters in 2001. As India’s water problems are self-inflicted, the need to adopt sustainable water management practices is crucial.