The salinity of water resources in the arid province of Yazd is increasing due to manmade factors, the managing director of Yazd Regional Water Company said. 

Generally, the planet’s rising temperature leads to excessive evaporation in semi-enclosed body of water, which leads to hypersalinity. However, human activities aggravate the problem, ISNA reported. 

According to Mohammad Mehdi Javadianzadeh, urban development, excessive pumping of groundwater, rerouting rivers and streams, digging illegal wells, outdated farming methods and installation of desalination plants are among the main causes of water crisis and increased salinity of the precious resource in Yazd.

Desalination processes produce large quantities of brine, which is normally diluted before it is returned back to the water body it was retrieved from. The problem is that brine is denser than seawater and therefore sinks to the ocean bottom and can damage the ecosystem. Careful reintroduction can minimize the impact, but cannot entirely eliminate it.

Based on available data, “average rainfall has decreased from 100 millimeters to 89 millimeters during the past 29 years”, Javadianzadeh said.